Mice (Muridae) – a family of mammals from a detachment of rodents. This is a very large group of animals of the same type of structure and similar lifestyle.
In the fauna of Russia there are about 13 species of mouse.
The smallest species is a small mouse with a body length of only 5 cm.
The life of the mouse is about 2 years.
Body temperature: 38,5-39,3 degrees.
Respiratory rate: 200 respiratory movements per minute.
Mice are timid, suspicious, sensitive to the slightest sound and vibrations of the soil, in case of danger they immediately escape.
These animals can do without water at all, getting it from splitting in the body of carbohydrates. Even with free access to water, little animals drink very little.
Desert mice can drink salty seawater.
Mice communicate with each other with a thin squeak. They are able to communicate by means of ultrasonic waves that are not audible to the human ear. This is how males attract females for mating.
Many types of mice lack clavicles, which allows the rodent to climb into the narrowest areas without any major problems.
Well-known high fertility of mice and their ability to adapt easily to any habitat conditions.
Today it is believed that the mouse was tamed 3,500 years ago and is one of the first pets.
All the numerous references to mice in European historical documents are abusive. These animals carried the infection and spoiled the food.
The familiar word “mouse” comes from an ancient Indo-European language, which in translation means “thief”.
In countries located on the Mediterranean coast, there was quite a different attitude towards mice. Apollo himself patronized the mice, even the statues depicting this god, near the feet sat a mouse.
In China and Egypt, too, have long been bred domestic mice.
Mice are classified according to the type of hair and color. There are the following types of fur: standard, long-haired, curly, naked, satin, long-haired satin, curly satin. The variety of colors is such that it takes too much time even to simply enumerate them.
Since the XVII century, mice as test animals faith and truth serve science, and today are the most learned creatures of the planet.