The Giant panda is no longer in danger of extinction, and the population of pandas is growing. The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) has changed the status of the panda into the Red Book from “endangered” to “in a vulnerable position”.
This happened mainly due to the efforts of Chinese biologists.
But how did China manage to achieve this?
A Giant panda, or a bamboo bear, once inhabited large numbers of forests in southern and eastern China, but due to population growth and the development of agriculture, the range of its distribution was constantly decreasing. Now he lives only in the forests where bamboo grows.
For many years, China has been trying to increase the population of pandas. Success came only when the country began to rebuild the bamboo forests and move the panda there. Bamboo is 99% of panda food, and without it they begin to starve.
Pandas should eat from 12 to 38 kg of bamboo a day, depending on age and body weight. At present, China has 2060 pandas, of which 1864 are adults. This is recognized as sufficient to enable the International Union for Conservation of Nature to re-qualify the status of this species by transferring it from the category of “endangered” to the “vulnerable” category.