Kostroma is a Russian city that has long been famous for its jewelry. In addition, to this day there are many architectural monuments preserved, so that a visiting tourist will find what to see here. In addition, Kostroma is the center of attraction for all the neighborhoods, so many people from the surrounding smaller cities come here.
Kostroma is one of the officially recognized cities of the Golden Ring of the Russian Federation.
Celebrations in honor of the City Day in Kostroma are held on the second Saturday of the last summer month.
The old channel of the Kostroma River was adapted under the course for various ships, through which it is possible to get to the local shipyard. A new artificial river bed is located 12 kilometers from the old one.
Kostroma was the first Russian city to have a coat of arms – this happened in 1767. The galley “Tver” is immortalized on the emblem, on which Empress Catherine II sailed.
Officially it is believed that Kostroma was founded in 1152 by Yuri Dolgoruky, although some historians do not share this opinion.
Kostroma Kremlin was completely demolished by the Bolsheviks in 1934. A huge monument to Vladimir Lenin was erected in the wasteland that has been erected until now. At the base of the statue is a pedestal, which was laid in the early XX century in honor of the 300th anniversary of the royal house of the Romanovs – it should have a monument that glorifies the monarch’s family.
Bricks and stones left from the blown up Kremlin went to the construction of a linen factory.
After the revolution, a bronze monument erected in honor of the feat of Ivan Susanin was also destroyed in Kostroma. The fate of the monument was predetermined, since along with the heroic peasant on the pedestal stood Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich. The figures were dismantled and drowned in the Volga, the foundation of the monument was destroyed, and Susaninskaya Square, where the monument stood, was renamed the Revolution Square.
For the valor shown on the WWII fronts, 29 residents of Kostroma became Heroes of the Soviet Union.
One of the most important sights of Kostroma is the Ipatiev Monastery. In the local Holy Trinity Cathedral, Michael Romanov was called to rule, which laid the foundation for a new dynasty.
The Kostroma Festival of Fireworks “Silver Rook”, which takes place in August, was awarded several times the title of the best pyrotechnic show in Russia.
In Kostroma there is the Snow Maiden’s theater with a picturesque house that can be visited at any time of the year – this city is considered to be a native of Grandfather Frost’s granddaughter.
A third of all Russian jewelers live and work in Kostroma.
Founder of the first Russian theater Fedor Volkov was a native of Kostroma.
Kostroma Region is comparable in size to the Czech Republic.
In Kostroma, the shooting of the film “The Cruel Romance” by Eldar Ryazanov took place.
On the Kostroma farm, they learned how to get moose milk – an unusual drink can be enjoyed by everyone.
In the center of Kostroma there is a monument to the basset hound Bobka, who in the 19th century lived near a fire tower and set out to fight fire with firemen. According to the city legend, a bold dog helped to get things out of the flames and even small children.