Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is one of the greatest composers of all time and people. The compositions he has written to this day clatter in concert halls around the world, gathering millions of listeners, and there is every reason to believe that the glory of the composer will never fade.
Austrian prodigy, composer and virtuoso Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was and remains the youngest member of the philharmonic society in Bologna, as well as the youngest holder of the Order of the Golden Spur.
In everyday life, the composer preferred the name Wolfgang, ignoring the second of the data at the birth of names.
Mozart’s parents had seven children, but only two survived: Wolfgang and his sister Maria Anna. Early musical abilities were manifested in both children.
Already at the age of 5 Mozart began to compose small works, which his father recorded in the album.
Wolfgang had an amazing musical talent – by the age of six he not only played beautifully on the harpsichord, but almost independently mastered the violin.
Little Mozart was afraid of sounding a pipe for almost 10 years, if played without the accompaniment of other instruments – her sound was too sharp and loud for the musician’s subtle hearing.
The formation of Wolfgang and his sister involved in their father – both children did not go to school for a single day. My father’s efforts were not in vain, since Mozart studied with great zeal any proposed subject, forgetting even about music for a while. For example, during the training of the account all the surfaces in the house, including walls and floor, were covered with figures and calculations written in chalk.
To help his son make a career, his father taught Mozart to play the harpsichord with blindfolds or the fabric covering the keys – such stunts at that time were valued even more than genuine musical talent.
There is a popular anecdote, according to which, after a concert at the Imperial Palace in Vienna, Mozart played with the Archduchess, his peers. During the games, the boy slipped and fell, and one of the Empress’s daughters helped him up. Mozart allegedly exclaimed: “How glorious you are, when I grow up, I absolutely want to marry you!” This girl was Marie Antoinette, the future Queen of France.
At the age of seven Mozart wrote the first four sonatas for a harpsichord with a violin, and at eight years – the first symphony.
One of the teachers of young Mozart was Johann Christian Bach, the son of the famous composer.
In his childhood, Mozart suffered several serious diseases: at first he almost died of typhoid fever, and then for 9 days he became blind from smallpox.
Emperor Joseph the Second arranged for his favorites, Mozart and the court composer Antonio Salieri, a real contest – everyone had to write a comic one-act opera. The victory was for Salieri.
Mozart’s famous opera “The Marriage of Figaro” during the author’s lifetime did not have much success – she was removed from the repertoire of the theater after 9 shows. Several years later, Antonio Salieri returned her to the stage, who considered Mozart’s “Wedding” the greatest opera.
In Vienna, an adult and a composer Mozart heard the play of a young Beethoven, who delighted him. He even took the future great musician as a pupil, but he was forced to return home in a few weeks to another city.
At the time of death at the age of 35 Mozart was so poor that the family had to bury him in the simplest coffin and without unnecessary ceremony – in a common grave with another 5-6 poor. At that time only the representatives of the upper class could afford to burial in a separate grave and with a tombstone.
Widespread legend that Mozart allegedly poisoned Salieri, but this idea, set out in one of the “Little Tragedies” by Alexander Pushkin, has no real evidence.