Mysterious Jupiter is an incredibly huge planet, the second largest object in the solar system. Even now humanity is making the first timid steps to study it, but who knows if we will ever be able to penetrate into its secrets, or will the gas giant forever keep them a secret?
Gas giant Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system.
If Jupiter was slightly larger and more massive, it could well become a star of the “brown dwarf” class.
Jupiter, due to its powerful gravity, serves as a kind of shield, partially protecting the earth from comets, since it draws them to itself.
The volume of Jupiter is 1300 times larger than the volume of the Earth, and gravity is two and a half times larger than the earth’s.
The mass of Jupiter is two and a half times larger than all the other planets of our system combined.
Jupiter has the most powerful magnetic field in the solar system.
The day on Jupiter lasts 10 earth hours, and a year – 12 earth years.
Jupiter generates powerful radiation radiation, which prevents the spacecraft from substantially approaching it because of the risk of damage to electronics.
Jupiter also has rings.
Storms and hurricanes on Jupiter – a frequent phenomenon, but they last usually not for long, three to four days.
Jupiter has the largest number of natural satellites in the solar system-there are as many as 63 of them.
Ganymede is the largest satellite of Jupiter and in general the largest in the system. The size of Ganymede exceeds the planet Mercury.
The height of the mountains on the volcanically active satellite of Jupiter Io reaches 16 kilometers.
The diameter of Jupiter is more than ten times the diameter of the Earth.
Jupiter is the third brightest object in the starry sky, excluding the Sun. The first two places went to the Moon and Venus.
The famous Great Red Spot on Jupiter is the largest atmospheric vortex in the Solar System. Now it decreases in size, but a hundred years ago it was the size of the Earth. This vortex has been raging for more than three hundred years.
The density of the atmosphere of Jupiter is more than 18 times the density of the Earth’s atmosphere.
The core temperature of Jupiter is about twenty thousand degrees Celsius.
The atmosphere of Jupiter consists mainly of hydrogen and helium.
Jupiter is the fastest-spinning planet in the solar system.
At the equator, Jupiter is wider, than at the poles, by seven percent, since the extremely fast rotation around its axis is flattening.
On Europe, the satellite of Jupiter, presumably there is an ocean of liquid water under a layer of ice surface.
Like other known giant planets, Jupiter does not have a solid surface.