Siberian, Amur or Far Eastern tiger is the most northern subspecies among tigers. This tiger is a rare animal. It is endangered and listed in the Red Book. The Siberian tiger is the largest subspecies. It differs from tigers living in warm regions, with a denser and lighter coat. In winter, the animals are orange, except for the white abdomen. The tiger has an elongated and flexible body reaching a length of 2.7-3.8 meters, a round head, short paws and a long tail. The animal is characterized by very short ears, which is associated with life in the cold.
The Far East tiger is characterized by a five centimeter layer of fat. Fat saves the animal from freezing winds and low temperatures. The Siberian tiger is able to distinguish colors. In the dark these animals see 5 times better than people. At a body height of 115 centimeters animals reach 160-270 kilograms of weight. The Far Eastern tiger can move through the snow at a speed of up to 50 kilometers per hour.
Siberian tiger requires huge areas: the female 300-500 square meters, and the male – 600-800. If there is not enough feed in the tiger’s holdings, he can attack animals. Siberian tiger is a nocturnal animal. Males live alone, females can be grouped together.
Tigers communicate with special sounds. These sounds are formed when the animal vigorously exhales air through the nose and mouth. To show their friendliness, the tigers touch each other with their heads, muzzles and sides.
Despite the fact that the tiger has tremendous power and well developed senses, when hunting out of ten attempts, only one is successful. Therefore, the animal has to spend a lot of time searching for food.
To the prey, the tiger crawls: it moves with its hind legs to the ground and arching its back. Small animals tiger bite the neck. A large victim of the tiger flops, and after that a bite of the throat. There is a tiger in a lying position. At the same time, he keeps food with the help of his paws.