Home origin of guinea fowl leads from wild guinea fowl living in Africa and Madagascar. Of the great variety of the existing pods of the wild guinea fowls still prevalent in the vastness of Africa, in ancient times the guinea fowl was domesticated, which gave rise to the modern breeds of domestic Caesar. The native breeding of guinea fowl was mainly the work of the aborigines of Central and West Africa. In Europe, guinea fowls were brought in thanks to the discoverers of the New World, although there are data that the guinea fowls were known in ancient Greece and Rome.
Domestic guinea fowls, outwardly, are very similar to their wild relatives, but in their development they acquired a number of significant differences. These differences were obtained by the formation of qualities that enhance the economic value of Caesar. The main advantages acquired by domestic guinea fowls in comparison with wild guinea fowl are a higher live weight, higher egg production, which is 5-7 times higher than the egg-laying of wild guinea fowl. Home guinea fowl within a year, can demolish about 150 eggs.