The area of distribution of the common hedgehog covers Europe (including Ireland and Britain), the Caucasus, Transcaucasia and Asia Minor. North of 60 ° N It is rare. In Russia it is found in the middle belt of the European part, in the Middle Urals and in the south of Western Siberia. At the end of XIX century. Was acclimatized in New Zealand, where it is now numerous. Judging by the fossil remains before and was in North America.
The genus of African urchins, which includes four species (Somali, Algerian, South African, White-bellied hedgehog) lives in Africa and Europe. Algerian hedgehogs live in such countries: Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria. In Europe, this species is found in France, Spain, the Canary Islands and the Maltese Islands. The South African hedgehog lives only on the African continent in South Africa, Botswana, Angola, Namibia, Zimbabwe and Lesotho. The white-bellied hedgehog lives in Nigeria, Ethiopia, Mauritania, Sudan and Senegal. The Somali hedgehog lives only in Somalia.
The genus of Eurasian urchins has three types: Common hedgehog, East European and Amur. The common hedgehog range extends from Western to Central Europe, including the Scandinavian Peninsula and the British Isles. Also live this species in Kazakhstan and Western Siberia, was imported to New Zealand. The Eastern European hedgehog lives on the territory from Central Europe to Western Siberia.