Currently, the area of distribution of scorpions encircles the globe between about 50 degrees north and south latitude. In ancient times, until the end of the Tertiary period, when the climate was warmer and the moist forests stretched to high latitudes, these animals met on most of the land. Now there are about 1500 species and up to 800 varieties of scorpions. They live almost everywhere. They can be found in the snow of the Himalayas at an altitude of 5000 m, in caves at a depth of up to 800 m, in deserts and tropics, in European forests, on the shores of the seas.
In Ukraine, scorpions live in the Crimea, they found them in the Odessa region.
Scorpions have sizes from 5 to 10 cm, some species reach a length of 20 cm. The largest is the tropical imperial scorpion, which lives in Equatorial Guinea. The adult specimen can reach a length of 8 cm. Once a copy was found in a length of 29 cm, if counted from the tips of the claw to the tip of the sting. The smallest animals reach a size of 1.2-1.3 cm. At the disposal of scientists there are ancient remains of animals up to 40 cm long.