Guppies, like most viviparous fish, are representatives of the Poecilia family. Thanks to selective and complex breeding, their unique characteristics were created. A variety of tail colors, body colors, spots on the body and tail, and a variety of tail shapes lead to the appearance of an almost infinite number of color variations. The tail of the guppies can be painted in any imaginable color. Guppies are called by the color of the tail. Thus, if a guppy has a yellow body and a red tail, it is called the red guppy.
Guppies need an aquarium of at least 20 gallons, they are very tolerant to changing the conditions in the aquarium. Plants should be hardy, such as fern or moss, which can tolerate an increased level of water hardness in the aquarium. To reduce aggression towards them, it is best to keep several pairs in the aquarium. Guppies can not be kept with cockerels or other fish gnawing fins, as they are afraid of them. Good cohabitants will be other peaceful fish.
Males and females can be easily distinguished from each other. Males are smaller in size, their color is brighter, and they also have a large caudal fin. The females are larger in size, with a less bright color, they have a rounded anal fin, and also a part of the body for bearing pregnancy on the lower part of the body. When breeding guppies, it is best to cover the aquarium with a floating fern and install a spawning box to protect the fry. Fry are born fully developed, they are easy to grow in a separate aquarium or in a network shared by a common aquarium. Adult fish can eat fry. Fry must be fed with artemia, small fodder or crushed flakes.
Guppies are omnivorous, they need food in the form of algae along with meat food. Flakes based on algae, as well as frozen dehydrated tubers, artemia will allow the guppies to get a full meal.