Facts about lizards

There are many different kinds of lizards – beautiful and not very dangerous and harmless. Someone, these cold-blooded creatures evoke sympathy and affection, someone has an irrational fear. In any case, one can not agree with the fact that lizards – the creatures are really amazing and in many ways unlike all other inhabitants of the Earth.

  • The first lizards appeared on Earth several hundred million years ago. They are about the same age as crocodiles.
  • Basilisk (not mythical, but quite real) can walk on water – more precisely, run. These lizards so quickly sort out their hind legs and step so horizontally that the film on the surface of the water does not have time to break through under their weight.
  • Moloch is interesting at once with several of its features – he collects dew and raindrops all over the surface of the body, and does not drink in the usual sense of the word. Then droplets of liquid along the special tubules come straight to the molochus in the jaws. In addition, these reptiles are able to change their color depending on the temperature, lighting and their condition.
  • Geckos are able to hold on their paws a weight significantly superior to their own – a lizard weighing 50 grams by force to hold a two kilogram object. Representatives of this species during a drought are able to accumulate moisture from the air before your eyes, and then lick it out so as not to die of thirst.
  • Lizards live on all the continents and islands of the world, with the exception of Antarctica (see interesting facts about Antarctica).
  • Lizards Cnemidophorus neomexicanus is a completely feminine species that does not need fertilization to produce offspring. These reptiles are one of the most vivid examples of parthenogenesis, or “virgin reproduction”.
  • Many species of lizards in case of danger can throw a part of the tail to hide from the enemy. If the enemy retreats, the lizard can return and eat its tail, as it contains a lot of nutrients. Over time, the tail grows again, but it will be shorter than the lost one.
  • Lizards small girdles in the event of an attack with all their strength bite their own tail, forming a ring that can not be opened.
  • Lizards see the surrounding world in orange tones because of the peculiarities of the structure of the retina of the eyes. Note that most animals see the world in black and white.
  •  The largest of the currently existing lizards is the Komodo lizard, whose weight can reach 80 kilograms, and the length exceeds 3 meters.
  • In the Galapagos Islands, marine iguanas successfully pair with terrestrial animals, although these animals belong to different genera and species. Their offspring are quite viable, hybrids feel equally well both in water and on land. However, these individuals can not multiply.
  • Some toad lizards, being in a desperate situation, can shoot at the enemy with their own blood. Blood is thrown out from the corners of the animal’s eyes for a distance of one and a half meters.
  • In New Guinea live lizards, skinks, blood, entrails and skeleton which are green.
  • The smallest lizards on Earth are round-headed geckos that live in the West Indies. These kids weigh just a gram, and their body length is on average 33 millimeters.
  • There are only two poisonous lizards on our planet – an escorpion terrifies the inhabitants of Mexico, and housing is a potential threat to the population of the southwest of the United States.
  • The organ of the lizard’s touch is the language.
  • Most lizards never return to the laid eggs and do not consider it necessary to protect their offspring.